A million people a day get sexual infections, World Health Organization warns

Maricruz Casares
Junio 7, 2019

Sexually transmitted infections or STIs are a "persistent and endemic health threat worldwide" and have a profound impact on both adult and child health, the WHO said.

Peter Salama, the WHO's executive director for universal health coverage, said the data showed the need for "a concerted effort to ensure everyone, everywhere can access the services they need to prevent and treat these debilitating diseases".

A recent study by the World Health Organisation (WHO) says parents need to be anxious as generation is being lost due to reckless sexual behaviour leading to transmission of Sexually Transmitted Diseases.

The stigma surrounding STIs is also associated with cases of domestic violence.

The research also showed that the prevalence of chlamydia, gonorrhoea and trichomoniasis increased more in women than men.

"In its later stages, syphilis can cause serious cardiovascular and neurological disease". Some-including chlamydia, gonorrhoea, and syphilis-can also be transmitted during pregnancy and childbirth, or, in the case of syphilis, through contact with infected blood or blood products, and injecting drug use.

"Syphilis alone causes over 200,000 neonatal deaths and stillbirths annually". When compared to 2012 numbers, they found that there has been no decline in either the rates of new or existing infections.

It suggests around one in 25 people globally has at least one of these four STIs, with some experiencing multiple infections at the same time.

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"STIs spread predominantly through unprotected sexual contact, including vaginal, anal and oral sex".

Dr Wi said that World Health Organization had also detected cases of drug-resistant syphilis - a particular concern because the disease in some people has no symptoms and, if left untreated, can lead to long-term neurological and cardiac problems.

Correct condom use was one of the most effective methods for protecting against STI transmission.

In light of these statistics, the report's authors urged people who are sexually active to regularly seek testing and treatment for STIs. Pregnant women, especially, should receive automatic screening for syphilis as well as HIV, the researchers advised.

In terms of treatment, bacterial STIs can be treated and cured with widely available medications.

The vast majority of the infections are easily preventable and curable, but some diseases - in particular gonorrhoea - are evolving into super-bug forms and that are increasingly hard to treat with antibiotics, the World Health Organization said in a report.

Journalists gathered that trichomoniasis (or "trich") is the most common curable STI globally. Coupled with the difficulty of these infections often not presenting symptoms, which allows for transmissions unknowingly to sexual partners or from mothers to infants, Taylor called this a "hidden epidemic, a silent epidemic, a unsafe epidemic, that is persistent globally". That's on top of 87 million cases of gonorrhea, over 6 million cases of syphilis and 156 million cases of trichomoniasis.

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