5 things you should know about Trump’s 2020 budget proposal

Maricruz Casares
Marcha 12, 2019

U.S. Rep. Robert Aderholt praised President Trump's 2020 budget plan.

"Members of Congress must fight to protect the immigrant community from deportation by rejecting Trump's budget proposal immediately and instead call for significant cuts in funding to ICE and CBP and meaningful restrictions on their authority to reallocate funds Congress appropriates", the group said. "That this request also includes thoughtless across-the-board cuts to almost all nondefense spending further reveals that this is in no way a moral budget that prioritizes meaningful investments in community stability or vibrancy", Defund Hate Coalition said. He told reporters at the White House on Monday, "Washington has a spending problem". While the fiscal year 2019 budget provides $69 billion for OCO, the request for FY 2020 balloons to a staggering $164 billion.

"The vast majority of the president's deficit reduction comes from the economic assumptions", he said. The proposed budget includes several legislative proposals and administrative actions to reduce monetary loss from improper payments, including an increase in Medicare Advantage (MA) payment audits.

Economic progress made under Trump's presidency has been threatened by "our unsustainable national debt, which has almost doubled under the previous administration and now stands at more than $22 trillion", he said at a White House press briefing on March 11.

Trump invoked the emergency declaration after Congress approved almost $1.4 billion for border barriers, less than the $5.7 billion he wanted. "It's only now in our third budget that they are willing to have a conversation about the national debt. This is threatened by our unsustainable national debt, which has doubled under the previous administration and now stands at more than $22 trillion".

The White House proposal seeks a five percent increase in defense spending to $718 billion, including a three percent military pay raise. About $718 billion would go to the Defense Department.

Specific military spending categories that have been reported include $104 billion for research and development, with the main focus on hypersonic weapons (missiles and planes flying much faster than sound), on artificial intelligence systems (cyberwarfare and automated battlefield weapons), and "space-based technologies". "For all the heartache caused by the loss of our troops during these wars, no enemy in the field has done more to harm the readiness of our military than sequestration".

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Bipartisan majorities in both houses of Congress have resisted these moves in the past, instead increasing funding for the agency by a total of about 14 percent over the past two years.

In addition, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) would be provided $5.4 billion to help it fight illegal immigration. The shortfall is seen narrowing slightly to $1.07 trillion in 2021 and $1.05 trillion in 2022, before shrinking every year through 2029.

But Vought says it's time to break with congressional practices of the past. The law lowered taxes for most individuals and families while also cutting rates for many businesses.

Appropriators reached a deal a year ago whereby they paired a Pentagon spending bill with its counterpart for labor, health and human services, education, and related agencies - a possible way forward now, Thornberry said. Boeing does key parts of that work in Huntsville. It also wants to reform the federal retirement benefits system to bring those benefits more in line with what the private sector has.

The administration believes the government can save hundreds of millions of dollars by reforming underperforming programs such as Job Corps, which has made headlines in recent years due to security incidents reported at its centers.

Another area that needs fixing is the State Department's cultural and exchange programs, which spend $600 million, Vought said.

On Monday, the National Farmers Union criticized the White House budget proposal, saying, "It's time the president's policy proposals and rhetoric acknowledge the financial pain in farm country". Those documents will be released next week, according to a senior administration official.

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