What is monkeypox? Second person diagnosed with deadly virus

Maricruz Casares
Setiembre 13, 2018

What are the symptoms.

The first patient to be diagnosed, a Nigerian national, is being treated at the Royal Free Hospital in London after being diagnosed with the rare viral infection while staying at a naval base in Cornwall.

The second patient went to Blackpool Victoria Hospital and following a positive test result was transferred to Royal Liverpool University Hospital, an expert respiratory infectious disease centre, where they are being treated.

Nick Phin, deputy director of PHE's national infection service, said monkeypox was probably still circulating in Nigeria after an outbreak a year ago.

"It is likely that monkeypox continues to circulate in Nigeria and could, therefore, affect travellers who are returning from this part of the world", Phin added.

"We are working hard to contact individuals, including healthcare workers, that might have come into contact with the individual to provide information and health advice".

Both patients are believed to have contracted the disease in Nigeria before traveling to England, and were diagnosed days apart.

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It is contacting individuals who have been in close contact with the infected patients as a precautionary measure. It has mostly been reported in central and west African countries.

"We'll collaborate with Public Health England to investigate this case".

Monkeypox is a virus that spreads primarily from animals to humans, with symptoms such as fever, headache, body pain, malaise, lymphadenopathy (enlargement of glands), sore throat and the typical generalized vesicular rash.

Monkeypox can appear similar in appearance to chickenpox.

Dr Michael Jacobs, clinical director of infection at the Royal Free Hospital, said in most cases it disappears on its own and patients have no long-term health effects. People usually recover within a few weeks, though it can lead to serious illness in some cases. Between September 2017 when the outbreak started and 31st of August 2018, a total of 262 suspected cases had been reported from 26 states.

Monkeypox does not spread easily between people and most who contract the infection recover within a few weeks, though severe illness can occure in some people.

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