Sexually Transmitted Infection MG Could Become The Next Antibiotic-Resistant Superbug

Maricruz Casares
Julio 14, 2018

Doctors say an uncommon sexually transmitted disease, Mycoplasma genitalium (MG), which often has no symptoms may pose a great health risk if people aren't more cautious. This is reported by foreign media.

The association has "launched new guidelines for the treatment and diagnosis of the disease, which recommend a specific diagnostic test: a nucleic acid amplification test", reports the The Daily Telegraph.

"MG is rapidly becoming the new "superbug": it's already increasingly resistant to most of the antibiotics we use to treat Chlamydia, and changes its pattern of resistance during treatment so it's like trying to hit a moving target", said Peter Greenhouse, a sexual health consultant from Bristol. The STD has no symptoms and can cause pelvic inflammatory disease, leading to infertility.

It was first identified in the United Kingdom in the 1980s and is thought to affect 1-2% of the general population.

Some people show symptoms; for instance, men can have mucus or discharge from their penises or a burning sensation when they urinate. She said that up to 3,000 women per year could become infertile over the next decade s as a result of MG infection. The study and other experts, however, suggest a few concerns that the infection is reportedly developing resistance to this.

MG can be treated with the help of antibiotics like "doxycycline, followed by a course of azithromycin" and "macrolides".

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Like any STI, the best way to prevent MG is by using condoms. The NHS states that tests for this condition have only recently been developed and are not available in all clinics yet.

MG does not always cause symptoms and will not always need treatment, but it can be missed or mistaken for a different sexually transmitted infection, such as Chlamydia. If you have symptoms of an STI, we recommend you get tested at your local sexual health clinic.

"These new guidelines have been developed, because we can't afford to continue with the approach we have followed for the past 15 years as this will undoubtedly lead to a public health emergency with the emergence of MG as a superbug", said Paddy Horner, who co-wrote the guidelines.

Don't feel bad if you haven't heard of Mycoplasma genitalium - although the organism is well-known to infectious disease specialists, the average doctor likely doesn't remember much about it after learning about it briefly in medical school, said Dr. William Schaffner, an infectious-disease specialist at Vanderbilt University Medical Center in Nashville, Tennessee.

Almost half of 16 to 24-year-olds admit they have had sex with a new partner without using a condom, a Public Health England report said in December.

"Everyone can protect themselves from STIs by consistently and correctly using condoms with new and casual partners".

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