Alcohol, tobacco are biggest threat to human health, welfare

Maricruz Casares
May 16, 2018

Scientists reviewed several studies and found that worldwide, most drink alcohol the residents of Central, Eastern and Western Europe (11,61, 11,98 and of 11.09 liter per month per capita), while abused 50,5, of 48.2 and 40.2 percent drinkers respectively.

It's smoking tobacco and drinking alcohol - and not taking illegal drugs - that pose the greatest risks to people's health, a new global study contends.

Global estimates suggest that almost one in seven adults (15.2 per cent) smoke tobacco and one in five adults report at least one occasion of heavy alcohol use in the past month.

It turned out that the DALYs, taking into account the life years adjusted for disability (lost due to disability or premature death), for smokers is 170,9 million, and for drinking alcohol - 85 million.

A sample of plain packages used in the United Kingdom
A sample of plain packages used in the United Kingdom

This photo provided by the Ministry of Health and Welfare shows a pictorial warning for tobacco packs on tooth discoloration, one of the side effects of smoking.

The same European regions also recorded the highest prevalence of tobacco smoking (Eastern Europe 24.2 per cent, Central Europe 23.7 per cent, and Western Europe 20.9 per cent).

In addition, Australia and New Zealand had the highest rate of amphetamine dependence (491.5 per 100,000 people), as well as high rates of dependence on marijuana (694 cases per 100,000 people), opioids (510 per 100,000) and cocaine use (160.5 per 100,000 people). There was no government data on the smoking rate in 2015.

People with mental illness and/or drug or alcohol addiction are far more likely than others to smoke cigarettes.

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